An official website of the United States government

China’s development projects export environmental devastation
October 22, 2020

In this photo taken Monday, Oct. 1, 2018, containers used for hazardous chemicals lie exposed and piled up at a junkyard run by the Chinese-led Dar Petroleum Operating Company in Gumry, near Paloch, in South Sudan. The oil industry in South Sudan has left a landscape pocked with hundreds of open was

The People’s Republic of China’s state-owned companies are destroying the environment in countries around the world, one corrupt infrastructure project at a time.

The PRC is the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases and mercury pollution and the leading consumer of illegal wildlife and timber products. And the PRC’s state-owned companies are exporting the Chinese Communist Party’s disregard for the environment through the often corrupt infrastructure projects of the regime’s “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR) initiative.

“In recent years, Chinese-backed projects on several continents have displaced local populations, negatively affected water quality, polluted adjacent land, and spoiled fragile ecosystems,” the U.S. Department of State said in a September 25 fact sheet on China’s environmental abuses. “Many planned Chinese infrastructure projects worldwide would do similar harm.”

May 2018 study published in Nature Sustainability warned OBOR projects could lead to “permanent environmental degradation.” And in November 2017, the World Wildlife Fund found OBOR projects could affect almost 265 threatened species, including antelopes, tigers and giant pandas.

Polluted water beside an oil field (left) in Paloch, South Sudan, in 2018 (© Sam Mednick/AP Images). People living near oil pollution in South Sudan (right) have suffered birth defects and other serious health problems. (© Khalil Senosi/AP Images)

Beijing’s OBOR initiative promises new infrastructure to developing nations, but projects — often marred by corruption — lack adequate oversight and deliver shoddy work. Labor abuses and unsustainable debt are also common, according to numerous reports. In Latin America, Chinese infrastructure investment may be linked to increased wildlife trafficking.

The program’s lack of clear environmental guidelines can leave countries facing the consequences of projects that failed to meet international standards.

In South Sudan, PRC state-run companies, including the China National Petroleum Corporation, have financed oil consortia that polluted water and soil with toxic chemicals, the Associated Press reports. Residents living nearby have suffered an alarming number of health problems, including birth defects.

One PRC-supported oil consortium also has engaged in corruption, using funds earmarked for development to support lavish lifestyles of senior politicians, the AP reported, citing a September 2019 report from the The Sentry, a watchdog group based in Washington.

A construction worker stands in front of a Chinese construction project in the Dara Sakor investment zone in Cambodia on August 8, 2019. (© Adam Dean/The New York Times)

On September 15, the United States sanctioned the Union Development Group Limited (UDG), a PRC state-owned company, for its role in corruption surrounding the development of a multibillion-dollar resort in Cambodia. The project spans almost 20% of the country’s coastline and encompasses more than 36,000 hectares of land. This includes part of the protected Botum Sakor National Park, home to endangered wildlife species already threatened by poaching.

U.S. officials say UDG falsely registered as a Cambodian-owned entity to lease the land before reverting back to PRC control. The company, through a senior Cambodian general sanctioned for corruption by the United States in 2019, used Cambodian military forces to clear out land for the project by force, devastating the environment and hurting the livelihoods of local residents.

Of additional concern are media reports that Phay Siphan, the Cambodian government spokesman, said that the Dara Sakor investment zone could be converted to host military assets, the U.S. Department of the Treasury said.

“Beijing claims its state firms provide economic opportunity to Cambodia and other countries,” the White House National Security Council said in a September 15 tweet. “Too often, they actually foster corruption, exploit communities, and offer [China’s People’s Liberation Army] a foothold for expansionism.”