United States Government assistance aims to promote consolidation and advancement of the democratic reforms and to assist Georgia’s integration into the Euro-Atlantic community through the implementation of free-market reforms. The USG also supports Georgia’s efforts to attain energy security by diversifying its energy sources.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Grants Competed Annually through Public Affairs
GRANT PROGRAMS THROUGH PUBLIC AFFAIRS
- USAID in Georgia
- Millennium Challenge Corporation in Georgia (MCG)
- Peace Corps
- Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
- Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)
- Office of Defense Cooperation
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
- U.S. Department of Agriculture
- U.S. Department of Treasury
U.S. Assistance to the People of Georgia: Fulfulling the $1 Billion Pledge
“This money will help the people of Georgia recover from the damage that has been inflicted on their economy and send a clear message that the United States will not abandon this young democracy”
-Senator Joseph Biden, August 2008
Governing Justly and Democratically – $48,600,000
- Supporting the development of a dynamic civil society
- Strengthening the rule of law and judicial independence, supporting the introduction of jury trials
- Increasing transparency in government, improving the electoral system and supporting improved service to citizens
- Improving the responsiveness and accountability of Parliament
- Assisting political parties to better represent constituencies and more effectively compete in elections
- Fostering a political environment conducive to a broader pool of young leaders
- Increasing transparency in the media and supporting the next generation of journalists
Investing in People/Humanitarian Assistance – $440,433,000
- Providing the Government of Georgia $250 million in budget support to pay for pensions, health care tovulnerable persons, schools, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and support of ministries (excluding Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Interior)
- Providing food, shelter, and livelihood support to IDPs in the Shida Kartli region and assisting long-term IDPs with housing
- Building capacity in the health care sector and supporting hospital renovation
- Supporting the renovation of badly deteriorated public schools located in ethnic minority areas and orphanages
- Upgrading existing IDPs shelters and re-developing buildings for use as durable housing for IDPs from previous conflicts
Economic Growth – $467,890,000
- Funding for new Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) financing and increasing access to capital through loan guarantees
- Enhancing energy security including upgrading electricity and gas transit infrastructure
- Supporting major road construction and other infrastructure projects
- Increasing Georgia’s regional and international trade prospects
- Training thousands of Georgians for jobs and supporting the development of small businesses and agriculture to generate jobs
Peace and Security – $44,577,000
- Clearing landmines and unexploded ordinance
- Increasing the capacity of the police, coast guard, and border guards to keep the people of Georgia safe and uphold the rule of law.
- Supporting Georgia’s emergency preparedness and response capacity
- Combating transnational crime
State Department Monitoring – $2,000,000
|The Georgia Monitoring Project is a two-year program (June 2010-May 2012) supported by the United States Department of State to monitor the results of the U.S. Government’s foreign assistance under the $1 billion pledge to the Government of Georgia.
A federal agency, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is responsible for U.S. foreign economic assistance to developing countries around the world. It assists countries in undertaking democratic and economic reforms, recovering from disaster, and trying to rise above poverty. It is based in Washington DC, has field offices all over the world, and is funded by U.S. taxpayers. USAID works closely with the Department of State to align programs and receives policy guidance from and reports to the Secretary of State.
USAID has provided over $1 billion in humanitarian and development aid to Georgia since assistance began in 1992. The objectives in Georgia are focused on building democracy, promoting regional stability,and fostering economic growth and health services. In the next four years, USAIDprograms aim to foster new attitudes and values that encourage citizens to be responsible and accountable for their country. The four long-term objectives in the country center on: economic growth, energy sector reform, democracy and governance, and social and health services development.
Millennium Challenge Corporation
Georgia’s $140 million Millennium Challenge Corporation compact is designed to reduce poverty through economic growth by addressing one of Georgia’s most binding constraints to economic growth, the quality of human capital, through investments in science and technology education and workforce development. The compact seeks to improve the quality of education in the science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields, and increase the earning potential of Georgians through strategic investments from the start of a student’s general education to graduation from technical training and advanced degree programs, including a focus on increasing women’s participation in STEM professions. The compact will be managed and implemented by MCA-Georgia, a Georgian government entity governed by an independent board of directors consisting of representatives of government ministries, the private sector, and civil society.
The compact builds on the success of Georgia’s first $395 million compact with MCC, completed in April 2011, which rehabilitated a major highway, improved energy and water security and supported agribusinesses.
Links for more information:
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
The Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) supports the Government of Georgia’s efforts to improve the professionalism and operational capacity of Georgian law enforcement. Initiated in 1999, INL-Tbilisi has implemented various projects and sponsored professional training in-country and overseas. Main projects include:
Resident Legal Advisor (RLA)
INL funds the Georgia Justice Sector Development Program. With RLA assistance, the Georgian Parliament passed a Council of Europe and FATF compliant anti-money laundering law; a U.S.–style plea-bargaining law, and anti-child pornography legislation. The RLA and visiting U.S. legal practitioners assisted a Georgian drafting group with reforming the Criminal Procedure Code that will be compliant with international standards and will facilitate effective criminal investigations and prosecutions. Jury trials will also be implemented in a limited scope.
Forensic Development Project
This project aims to bolster Georgia’s forensic capacities to meet international standards and procedures in preparation for Georgia’s impending transition to a jury-trial system. Georgia’s National Forensic Bureau has the only DNA lab in the Caucasus region developed with INL-funded technical assistance. INL and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers are partnering in a major renovation of the laboratory building. INL retains a contract forensic advisor who provides technical assistance, addresses training needs, and purchases required lab equipment. INL partners with contractors and other federal agencies to provide training in the proper collection, storage and analysis of criminal evidence. The INL advisor works closely with a Quality Assurance team to develop policies and procedures consistent with international standards of forensic laboratory operation.
Law Enforcement Academy Development Project
The Georgian Government adopted a tactical, American style training approach to train its national police force. INL funds the current construction of a new building that will provide classroom space for 250 and housing for 130 students. In addition to facilities renovation, INL funded technical experts to assist with curriculum development and regularly provides training in various aspects of law enforcement, including defensive tactics, officer safety and survival skills, traffic enforcement and weapons training using a virtual reality non-lethal weapons simulator. INL is currently working with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to design and build a modern firing range, so that officers can be properly trained to safely and effectively use their sidearm. INL recently funded renovation of several rooms to house the academy’s new English Language Center, and provided assistance for curriculum development and instruction.
Anti-Trafficking in Persons (TIP) training
With funding from INL, the Ministry of Defense of Georgia has implemented an Anti-TIP training and awareness program for military personnel. Using curriculum materials developed by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the program provided a training DVD and printed material for troops that deployed to Iraq in January. In addition to meeting this time sensitive requirement, IOM trained nearly 400 officers and non-commissioned officers, and conducted train-the-trainer sessions for military academy instructors to ensure sustainability of the program. INL will fund a second iteration of training for the follow-on brigade’s impending deployment to Iraq.
Contact INL Admin Assistant Gvantsa Sauri with further questions at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
USG Assistance to Georgia, quarterly newsletter
International Disability Rights Program by USAID Georgia
Disability Projects USAID/Georgia
The USG, through USAID, has funded more than $8 million disability project activities since 2006. Thanks to USG activities, the Government of Georgia (GoG) has increasingly funded five priority areas for people with disabilities: health, education, sports, employment, and recreation.
Despite the substantial support from USAID, people with disabilities in Georgia continue to endure discrimination. It is estimated that only about 50% of PWDs have official status as a person with disability and the related cash benefit entitlement; systems for medical, psychological, and/or social rehabilitation need to be developed and/or further refined; a system of early intervention for the disabled children in the state habilitation and rehabilitation programs should be established; public schools are known to enroll home-bound children with disabilities, but cannot provide proper education services to them; the majority of public buildings remain physically inaccessible for PWDs; more frequent and large-scale public awareness campaigns related to the issues of the disabled should be carried out; equal access to cultural, sport and recreational activities for PWDs should be provided.